working principle and line diagram of blast furnace

Studies on Blast Furnace Slag Flow Characteristics

Studies on Blast Furnace Slag Flow Characteristics ... Figure 1: A schematic diagram of Blast Furnace Process Figure 2: Schematic sectional diagram of the internal zones in a Blast Furnace. ... The Blast furnace process runs on the principle of counter current flow, the down coming ...

How Pig Iron is Converted into Iron and Steel in Blast ...

Blast Furnace. After mining, various kinds of iron ores are brought to the blast furnace which is the starting process for refining iron ores or mined ores and for the production of pig iron. Blast furnace was invented in 14th century. A typical blast furnace along with its various parts is shown in Fig. 1.


PDF | This is to certify that the project report entitled "Blast furnace ", being submitted by Suraj Kumar Vishwakarma of DIT University to Tata Steel, as a part of summer training course of B ...


Blast furnaces are used continuously and are only shut down when their brick lining needs replacing. As the mixture of iron ore, coke and limestone heats, the hot waste gases are collected and cleansed. They are then used to help heat the air blast, required if blast furnace is to reach the high temperatures needed to produce molten iron.

Diagram Of Blast Furnace

Blast furnace – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Learn more » A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally iron, but also others such as lead or copper.

Ironmaking and steelmaking - IIT Madras

To apply the principles of physical chemistry and transport phenomena (heat, mass and momentum) to the process steps in Iron and Steelmaking as practiced in integrated steel plants. Be able to understand basic layout of blast furnace, steelmaking shop and continuous casting process.

Technical description of blast furnace operation - DON WAGNER

This means that such a furnace is extremely stable in operation, and remains so even when it is scaled up to an enormous size. Consequently the iron blast furnace is the largest machine used in modern industry, with volumes typically in the range 1500–3000 m 3, producing typically 2500–5000 tons per day and reaching as high as 10,000 t/day.

Blast furnace | metallurgy |

Blast furnace, a vertical shaft furnace that produces liquid metals by the reaction of a flow of air introduced under pressure into the bottom of the furnace with a mixture of metallic ore, coke, and flux fed into the top. Blast furnaces are used to produce pig iron from iron ore for subsequent

Electric arc furnace - Wikipedia

An electric arc furnace (EAF) is a furnace that heats charged material by means of an electric arc. Industrial arc furnaces range in size from small units of approximately one ton capacity (used in foundries for producing cast iron products) up to about 400 ton units used for secondary steelmaking.

Blast Furnace operation: HOW A BLAST FURNACE WORKS

Aug 04, 2011· The purpose of a blast furnace is to chemically reduce and physically convert iron oxides into liquid iron called "hot metal". The blast furnace is a huge, steel stack lined with refractory brick, where iron ore, coke and limestone are dumped into the top, and preheated air is blown into the bottom.

workshop technology: Cupola Furnace working or construction

Nov 21, 2012· Cupola Furnace working or construction ... plate of the furnace.A wind box cast iron encircles to the outside of the furnace bottom .This box is connected to the furnace blower by pipe known as the blast pipe .Air which supplies the oxygen necessary to burn the fuel,is forced through the ... Working principle of arc welding; Pit Furnace ...

Induction furnace - Wikipedia

Induction furnace capacities range from less than one kilogram to one hundred tonnes, and are used to melt iron and steel, copper, aluminium, and precious metals. The advantage of the induction furnace is a clean, energy-efficient and well-controllable melting process …

Cleaning of Blast Furnace Gas – IspatGuru

Jan 22, 2016· Cleaning of Blast Furnace Gas. The process of liquid iron production in the blast furnace (BF) generates gas at the furnace top which is an important by-product of the BF process. This top gas of the blast furnace is at the temperature and pressure existing at the BF top and usually contaminated with dust and water particles.

Introduction and construction Blast furnace. -

Mar 06, 2016· Introduction and construction Blast furnace. 1. By Malik Mubashir University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan 2. What is a Blast Furnace? •The purpose of a blast furnace is to reduce and convert iron oxides into liquid iron called "hot metal". •The blast furnace …

Blast Furnace Panel Modification to Reduce Down Time by 60 ...

Thus for a huge system like blast furnace the 40 minutes breakdown cost are very high. The schematic diagram of the standalone system (Fig 1) is indicated below; in this the solenoid valve S/V 5 is operated as per requirement of furnace. The manual valve 3 is put in open condition. The charging frequency depends on the charging mode of the furnace.

Electronic Ballast: Working Principle & Circuit Diagram ...

Aug 18, 2019· Working Principle of an Electronic Ballast. Electronic ballast takes supply at 50 – 60 Hz. It first converts AC voltage into DC voltage. After that, filtration of this DC voltage is done by using capacitor configuration. Now filtered DC voltage is fed to the high-frequency oscillation stage where oscillation is typically square wave and ...


HOW A BLAST FURNACE WORKS Introduction The purpose of a blast furnace is to chemically reduce and physically convert iron oxides into liquid iron called "hot metal". The blast furnace is a huge, steel stack lined with refractory brick, where iron ore, coke and limestone are dumped into the top, and preheated air is blown into the bottom.

Iron and Steelmaking -

Iron and Steelmaking (Study Support) Prof. Ing. Jiří Bažan, CSc. Doc. Ing. Ján Kret, CSc. ... -You will understand the principle of calculating the amount of individual components of a blast furnace charge ... Diagram of a blast furnace plant .

Cupola Furnace-Working principle, Diagram, Application, PDF

While choosing cupola furnace we keep some valid factor that is- Melting Point Temperature, Shapes and many more. Cupola Furnace Working Principle Diagram: The Cupola furnace works on the principle of combustion of coke generates (carbon dioxide and heat) and therefore it causes iron to melt. The melted iron gets a downgrade.

Blast Furnace Busted | Very Dangerous above 45mtr height ...

Feb 14, 2018· blast furnace,street fighter x tekken,str xp per hour,minecraft xbox,slag xrd,strength xp per hour,exp chart,exp guide,xp per hour osrs,xp calc,xp rates,water cooling system,working and ...

Induction Furnace (Working Animation) - YouTube

Nov 16, 2016· Induction furnace Working through animation - Duration: ... Components of Induction Furnace and their Working (with circuit diagram ... The basics how inductors work working principle ...

Electric Arc Furnace Design Operation and Working Principle

What is a Two-Stage Furnace? To explain how a two-stage furnace works, we will use a single stage furnace for comparison. A single stage furnace means that the valve supplying the burner with gas only has two settings during operation, on full blast and off. Once the valve is opened, gas travels to the burner where it is ignited by the pilot light.

(PDF) Electric Arc Furnace - ResearchGate

The present study deals with a numerical investigation of an electric arc furnace (EAF). A model based on radiative heat transfer has been generated to estimate the temperature distribution inside ...

Generation of Hot Air Blast and Hot Blast Stoves – IspatGuru

Apr 18, 2015· A hot blast stove is a facility to supply continuously the hot air blast to a blast furnace. Before the blast air is delivered to the blast furnace tuyeres, it is preheated by passing it through regenerative hot blast stoves that are heated primarily by combustion of the blast furnace …

Blast Furnace operation: A Blast Furnace Model to Optimize ...

Basic principles. The blast furnace is modelled in a steady state. Therefore, it is assumed to be charged and emptied ... The input data are : the blast furnace geometry, the process data (blast conditioning, coal injection rate, top ... This model working off line, such a high computation time is not really a dramatic. drawback. Moreover, it ...

Cupola Furnace: Structure, Operation and Zones | Foundry

The cupola can run continuously as are blast furnace, but in practice it may works when required. The melting period does not exceed 4 hours in most of the foundries. But, it can be operated continuously for 10 hours or more. Zones of Cupola Furnace: The cupola furnace is divided in a number of zones where a number of chemical reactions take place.


PROPOSED SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM FOR 220 kV SUB STATION M M Δ M Δ M M BLAST FURNACE 30/36 MVA 11kV/220kV, DYn11 Power Transformer Δ M 11KV Indoor Switchgear#1 12 MW POWER PLANT AUX. SINTER PLANT Δ POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT EQUIPMENT M M R Y B M PRELIMINARY OLTC It shall be suitable for bi-dirrectional power flow Sync provision shall be …

Blast Furnace and Process Description - Chemical ...

Jul 12, 2019· Blast Furnace and Process Description:- Iron blast furnace is a vertical shaft, which is used to melt the iron ore and to produce hot metal by heat exchange and chemical reaction.The burden charge consisting of iron oxide, flux and coke and it provides through the throat from the top of the furnace.

Figure 7.19 Diagrammatic representation of the distribution of temperature of the blast furnace for the reduction of iron ore in an ungraded burden charge Thus, the pocket of blast furnace gas (arrowed line) alternates between the 2C + 02 —Y 2CO line and the 2Fe + 02 —+ 2FeO line and tries to reach equilibrium with these reactions.

Blast furnace - Wikipedia

A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper. Blast refers to the combustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure.. In a blast furnace, fuel (), ores, and flux are continuously supplied through the top of the furnace, while a hot blast of air (sometimes with ...


gas is used as fuel to the boiler. For Blast Furnace, CO gas is the major by-product. In such cases dual fuel fired boiler is more effective from economic and environment point of view. 2. WORKING PRINCIPLE OF OIL & BF GAS FIRED WATER TUBE BOILER: The working principle of water tube boiler is very interesting and simple.

How Does an Electric ARC Furnace Work? | Hunker

May 30, 2018· How Does an Electric ARC Furnace Work? ... The furnace has a removable water-cooled lid that holds the graphite spikes and is connected to large power lines that act as electrodes. When the lid is raised, the furnace can be loaded with any combination of iron scrap, iron ore, flux and solid fuel, and when closed and secured tightly, the ...

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